With talking a little bit in class on Tuesday (3/24)-Chinese marriages. I was curious to adventure in to more detail about the Marriage Law of 1950. Below is an image (propaganda) that was used after the new law became effective. The writing underneath the photo of the married couple reads: “A free and independent marriage is good, there is great happiness and unified production.
One of the biggest factors that played a role in this “law” was how marriages were no longer arranged. The arranged marriages goes way back to the first chapter of Schoppa dealing with Confucius. This could fall under the category of exogamous marriage (2). Instead, because of this “law” people were now able to marry who they actually loved, were attracted too and wanted to be together-monogamy marriage. So in turn, this explains the caption to the image above. Meaning the two (husband and wife) married are happy and great production will evolve weather that be children or just working together as a unified husband and wife-not being forced.
This law, however did not last. It was overturn by the second marriage law that went into place in 1980. This law introduced the one childe policy…which because the marriages were creating great “production”/abundant in child bearing, something needed to be done about the uprising numbers. This law also liberalized (loosened) the restrictions within a divorce (3). Lastly this marriage law was again updated in 1983 to legalize marriage with foreigners and interracial marriages.
1. “New Marriage Law (1950).” New Marriage Law (1950). Accessed March 28, 2015. http://chineseposters.net/themes/marriage-law.php.
2. Michael, Yang. “Ancient Chinese Marriage Customs.” ChinaHighlights. January 23, 2014. Accessed March 28, 2015. http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/culture/ancient-chinese-marriage-customs.htm.
3. “New Marriage Law.” Wikipedia. Accessed March 28, 2015. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Marriage_Law.