Chinese civil war in Manchuria
After World War Two, there were two major powers in china bidding for power over the entire nation: the communist party lead by Mao Zedong, and the Guomindong lead by Jiang Jeishi. in 1945, the Guomindong had a large upper hand in the battle. they had more men, supplies, and territory. the communists were mostly underground and had little supplies, but they were extremely loyal. How could the Communists defeat a foe so strong? in my opinion there were two reasons, Corruption and treatment.
in Jung Chang’s book “Wild Swans,” there is a story of her mother who was a supporter of the communist party. she told the details of the massive inflation of the nationalist money, the poor ethical decisions made by the Guomindong, and the strategic mistakes made by Jiang Jeishi.
the main strategy of the Guomindong was to hold the cities and the railways that connect them. he planned to build large steel and concrete fortifications that would surround the city. he thought that the communists did not have tanks or proper artillery to break through it. he would then protect the railways with barbed wire and defend his armies this way. this did not work out very well because the generals would sell the materials on the black market for personal gain. when the communists took control of the city, only a third of the wall was complete (104).
the massive inflation of the currency made it impossible to survive on the wages they were provided. by 1947, the money had inflated 100,000 percent. By 1948, the money had inflated 2,870,000 percent (106).
the officials could not afford food and did not have the proper leadership to defeat the communists and Mao Zedong would take over china in 1949.
Chang, Jung, Wild Swans Three Daughters of China, Touchstone rockerfeller center, pages 104,106.