Farmers in the Volksgemeinschaft
With the emergence of industrialization, many countries in a sense belittled the importance of farming. Industrialization was the force that was going to move many countries forward. But in Nazi Germany, there was still a big emphasis on the farmer: “German farmers, like women, held an honored position in the National Socialist ideology. More than the factory work, farming expressed the deep tie between blood and soil that formed the foundation of the entire ideology.”(1) With the emphasis on the importance of farmers, the Nazi party received many votes from them.
In paintings and posters, farmers were generally depicted as this strong man that was taking care or nurturing the land to life. They were generally doing things by hand or with an animal such as an oxen or horse, even though there were tractors at the time. By painting them taking care of the land by hand, instead of using the modern technology at that time, it enforced the idea of the farmers being the “blood and soil” of Nazi Germany.
This photo, shows the farmer as this strong man, but one of the main things is that he is sort of driving out the businessmen. This piece of propaganda, I believe, really shows just how highly the farmers were viewed by having them chasing out the businessman.
Overall, the farmers were definitely a major piece in the National Socialist vision. They were the ones who were going to keep Germany moving along into the future and were one of the strongholds of the ideology.
(1) Benjamin Sax and Dieter Kuntz, Insider Hitler’s Germany: A Documentary History of Life in the Third Reich (Massachusetts: D.C. Heath and Company, 1992), 267.
(2) Shuttershock, Political campaign poster, 1932, accessed 10-15-15.https://www.google.com/search?biw=1440&bih=873&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=farmers+in+nazi+germany%5C&oq=farmers+in+nazi+germany%5C&gs_l=img.3…77560.77560.0.778220.127.116.11.0.0.0.215.215.2-1.1.0….0…1c.1.64.img..1.0.0.xJYx2v2cKTU#imgrc=_H16bGttq-BHnM%3A