Culture in Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany during the time of the third Reich was pushing to abolish all forms of art that didn’t conform to the Nazi ideals. Controlling the population through propaganda was the primary reasoning for this extermination of intellectualism. Most of the liberal artists and intellectuals either emigrated or supported the Nazi regime, for much the same reason, to keep themselves safe in the face of dangerous times. The Nazi’s also used the support of liberal intellectuals to support the legitimacy of their regime “Perhaps most simply feared the consequences for their careers if they did not accept the regime.”1 The anti-intellectual movement of the Nazi regime was best represented by the many book burnings at prominent German institutions, “There was no more visible symbol of Nazi anti-intellectualism than the infamous book burnings, especially since these activities were organized by German student groups.”1 The Nazi’s drew in the populace by the use of propaganda but found the press to be difficult to control. With over 5000 daily newspapers owned by various individuals the Nazi’s had to create the Reich Association of German Newspaper Publishers, which made membership mandatory. Visual arts that weren’t of traditional Aryan style was considered to be degenerate art in doing so the Nazis rejected modern art. “Since the Aryans were the bearers of true culture only they could produce true art.”1 The Nazis also put strict controls on theater, music, literature, and impacted popular culture with the use of their propaganda.