The Four- Year Plan
Over the time I have spent in this course the idea of how organized the Nazi’s had been, has been brought up on multiple occasions. For me it had never rang as true, as it did while I read a section in Sax and Kuntz. This section was a mandate that Hitler had written in 1936, it addressed specific points that would make Germany stronger in times of war. This mandate was called the Four -Year Plan. Hitler stated that Germany must focus on armament of three specific areas: the political situation, the economic situation, and the defensive capacity of Germany ( the army). Hitler stated that the first and foremost focus was that of political strength. His main idea was that without a strong ideology and political focus, Germany will fall and be lost to the Bolshevik threat. He states that Bolshevism will always be the main threat to Germany ( Sax and Kuntz pg. 291). When ever I read something that Hitler has written, it still surprises me how he could have ever been underestimated. His thoughts are very straight forward, and what I believe to be very thought out. This was proven to me in the section on the economic armament.
He not only had a plan and ways to improve the situations within Germany. Hitler also had a plan to improve the countries standings with other countries, so they would be willing to import to Germany. But he also thought of ways to make Germany more self-sufficient in times of war. He wanted the people to not only increase production of things like iron ore, rubber, and oil, but he wanted them to be able to make cheaper metal. He knew that in times of war they would be going through a lot of metal, and the country needed a more economical way to produce what was needed. He also wanted to increase the army. He did this by making a call to action, by stating that the German people were strong and that they were the top defense.
Hitler seemed to be ready for war from the start. He made it seem with this mandate that he only wanted to make sure that the country was prepared. He said multiple times within this writing something along the lines that if Germany is prepared in times of peace, they will be able to handle war (Sax and Kuntz pg. 291- 293). With all of his talk about preparedness and that nothing else mattered before that. It makes me wonder if the people really believed that everything was okay? Also, how many people jumped into action to help complete this four-year plan?
- Benjamin Sax and Dieter Kuntz, Inside Hitler’s Germany: A Documentary History of Life in the Third Reich(Lexington: D. C. Heath and Company, 1992), 309.