Throughout World War II the Allies had been bombing all over Germany: Berlin, Essen, Stuttgart, Nuremberg, and Munich. Many Germans believed, nevertheless, that Dresden, widely considered the heart of German culture, would be spared during the air raids. There were also rumors that it would be spared due to its large number of hospitals and the assumption that the Allies would use it as their capital city. On February 13, 1945, however, Dresden, with only the alarm sounding as warning, experienced its first bombing. The bombings repeated for two days, leaving no prisoners. There was no discrimination as to what or who was destroyed, and by February 15, tens of thousands of people were dead. British bombers dropped more than 1,400 tons of explosives and 1,100 tons of incendiaries on the city and the U.S. dropped bombs on all major modes of transportation: railways, bridges, transportation facilities. There were more than 800 planes that bombed Dresden in those two days,  and temperatures were hot enough to melt skin (estimates around 2,000° Fahrenheit). Museums, monuments, churches, the opera house… all were destroyed by the bombs. “At the end of the war, Dresden was so badly damaged that the city was basically leveled.” This event called into question a lot about morals and America’s role in the war. A United States Air Force report defended their acts by claiming it was necessary to cut communication and transportation for the Germans, since Dresden was the center headquarters for both of those.
 Sax, Benjamin C., and Dieter Kuntz. “The 1935-1945 War.” In Inside Hitler’s Germany: A Documentary History of Life in the Third Reich. Lexington, Massachusetts: D.C. Heath, 1992., p. 364
 Sax & Kuntz, p. 360
 “Bombing of Dresden.” History.com. 2009. Accessed October 22, 2015. http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-dresden.
 Sax & Kuntz, p. 362
 “Bombing of Dresden in World War II.” Wikipedia. Accessed October 22, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Dresden_in_World_War_II.
Peter, Richard. Allegorie der Güte. Between 17 September 1945 and 31 December 1945. Deutsche Fotothek, df_ps_0000010. Blick vom Rathausturm.