Anti-Jewish Policies and its Impact on Society
Throughout the Jewish history, many people can remember specific events that occurred causing great panic in the Jewish communities especially during World War Two. During this time there was great distress for the Jewish communities because of the Nazi’s SS members brutality. This brutality all began with the Nuremberg Laws which lead to the Kristallnacht Decrees and eventually leads to the Holocausts. I believe that after the Nuremberg Laws were implemented this was a realization to the Jews that this violence and distinction from the classic German population that was implemented by the Nazi Party would not be resolved in a common manor.
The Nazi party was successful is causing fear for the Jews through the Kristallancht Decree. The Kristallancht or known as Night of the Broken Glass which was anti-Jewish policy that happened on November 9-10th, 1938 where the Security Service destroyed many synagogues and thousands of Jewish business. This Kristallancht event was described in detail through the Stenographic Report of the Meeting on “the Jewish Question” on November 12, 1938 where they mentioned, “If today a Jewish shop is destroyed, if goods are thrown into the street the insurance companies will pay for the damages which the Jews does not even have” and they also mentioned that ” In almost all German cities synagogues are burned, altogether 101 synagogues destroyed by fire; 76 synagogues demolished, and 7,500 stores ruined in the Reich.”1 For my term paper, I am writing about the life of Gerda Weissmann Klein where in her autobiography she describes this action taking place in her town. That the synagogue near her house had people trapped inside and was set on fire.
I thought it was interesting to see the impact that this event had on society of non-Jewish members. The Social Democratic network report that many of the German people criticized this event and many people wondered “who will be next after the Jews?” Some people in Bavaria provided examples of people opposing these acts because “many people are taking care of Jewish women and children. Women are buying groceries for Jews because it is illegal to sell these things to them.”3 I thought that these actions of the Nazi’s SS members were cruel, but successful in causing fear to the Jewish population. However, this fear would continue to occur against the Jews during World War Two with many people would resist the Nazi policies by helping the Jewish people while others would help the Nazi party complete this act.
- Benjamin Sax and Dieter, eds., Inside Hitler’s Germany, A Documentary History of Life in the Third Reich (Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath Company, 1992), 414-416.
- Ibid. p. 420.
- Eisenach Synagogue; November Pogrom, from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eisenach_Synagogue;_November_Pogroms_(4408526399).jpg