After the Einsatzgruppen proved to be “inadequate” and too hard on the soldiers charged with the killing of Jews, causing frequent alcohol use among many, the death camps were organized. The death camps were constructed as a means to carry out the “Final Solution” in a more efficient way. “The general plan was simple. The rest of the European Jews in countries under German occupation or sympathetic to Germany would be shipped by train to death camps in or near the Government General of Poland.”1 There were many other concentration camps built during the time Auschwitz was being enlarged to accommodate facilities large enough for the mass killings of the Jews, the death camps became the responsibility of Himmler and the SS, who were charged with carrying out the final solution. The actual conditions at these camps were terrible to say the least, in cases where crematoriums couldn’t handle the amount of bodies coming in, the bodies would be burned in open pits using the fat from the dead as fuel. The gas chambers effect on the killing of Jews was highly determined by it’s size, the large chambers required more time for the gas to kill its subjects; whereas, the small chambers took much less time and left the bodies in a much more manageable state. “Starvation, beating, torture, and killing were regular feature of life at the camps. Inmates were subjected to ‘medical’ experiments that were cruel and exceedingly painful.”2 The atrocities that were the death camps have definitely left a lasting impact on the way we view Germany and Hitler during WWII.
Spielvogel and Redles Pg. 268