The Gold Coast by Kim Stanley Robinson focusing mostly on Jim McPherson and his story. His father, Dennis works a government contractor with Laguna Space Research. He works on programs such as “the Ball Lightning program” (Robinson 8). The program he works on are sometimes black ops and sometimes superblack programs. In this world, “Congress recognizes that some programs have to be kept secret. In fact, black programs are an acknowledged part of the system, […] A superblack program, however … that’s between the Pentagon and the chosen contractor only” (Robinson 16). In essence this statement reflects our current government. Citizens are not aware of all programs that the government is involved in. There could be many reasons for this, such as lack of involvement in the government, but the most prominent one could simply be the trait of secrecy. If everyone knew that a government was developing a new fighter, other governments could respond to this by creating their own counters to it. Secrecy is a trait that can lead to power. As for the superblack programs, they exist for only a few reasons. One could be to avoid government oversight that could hinder the project, or because the military does not have the time to wait for decisions to be made by the government. The question I pose is do these categories have merit to exist on? America has had its share of black op projects being revealed, for instance, Edward Snowden and the NSA surveillance. The backlash was so harsh that the project was shut down (at least publicly). Personally, I believe that black op programs do not interfere in our lives and have no real quarrel with them. I can see the counter-argument being the invasiveness of such operations and people want a line drawn for privacy. Black ops is a hard topic because it involves the purpose of the program and ultimately its effectiveness.